Tag Archives: server

PXE Boot server on Fedora 15

Recently I planned to upgrade my laptop from Fedora 13 to Fedora 16.

Earlier I used to burn DVDs of the downloaded iso images of Fedoras.

This time I decided to setup PXE boot server on my desktop which is running Fedora 15.

I found a good post of setting up PXE boot server here.

I used it as reference and created the PXE server as described. But somehow it didn’t work for me as expected.

So I did some modification on the steps described in the post as it was written for FC4.

I am listing it down to save the time.

As I was doing it in my home network only, I did not isolate the network, as it was already isolated and only my desktop and laptop was connected to the network via ADSL router (The router was also serving as dhcp server, but I disabled it as I was configuring PXE boot server on my desktop which has dhcp server configuration)

Then I installed the required packages which are tftp-server, dhcp, syslinux and http via yum.

yum install tftp-server dhcp syslinux http -y

Then on second step I configured my dhcp server as below.

In the reference the dhcp path was /etc/dhcpd.conf which was for FC4 and for Fedora 15 its changed to /etc/dhcp/dhcpd.conf

The contents of the dhcpd.conf file is below

ddns-update-style interim;
subnet netmask {
default-lease-time 3600;
max-lease-time 4800;
option routers;
option domain-name-servers;
option subnet-mask;
option domain-name "home.local";
option time-offset -8;
host lap0 {
hardware ethernet 04:4B:EE:80:FF:03;
option host-name "lap0";
option next-server;
filename "pxelinux.0";

What I did is to setup a DNS and DHCP server which will assign the IP address to the laptop with MAC address 04:4B:EE:80:FF:03.

Now for third step I did as follows.

Here I configured tftp server which will serve the PXE kernel to the PXE-boot capable laptop NIC for network booting.

The steps are as follows

Open and edit the /etc/xinetd.d/tftp file and make the changes as follows.

Change the line with disable=yes to disable=no

Change the line with srv_args = -s /var/lib/tftpboot to srv_args = -s /tftpboot

Here we enabled the tftp service and changed the root directory of tftp from /var/lib/tftpboot to /tftpboot

For some reason this didn’t work for me first time, so I uninstalled tftp-server and re installed again and that fixed the issue.

We are almost ready to finish. Now we only need to copy the necessary files and setup the apache and tftp-server to complete it.

Step four is as follows.

Create the directory /tftpboot/pxelinux.cfg

Now go the pxelinux.cfg directory and create a file default.

This is our default boot option file and put the contents as follows

prompt 1
default Fedora 16 x64 Install
timeout 100
label Fedora 16 x64 Install
kernel vmlinuz
append initrd=initrd.img ramdisk_size=9216 noapic acpi=off install=

Copy the file pxelinux.0 from /usr/share/syslinux to /tftpboot

Now we need the vmlinuz and initrd images for booting. For that we need to mount the iso image and copy the vmlinuz and initrd.img files from the isolinux directory on DVD.

After that I created a fedora install directory under /tftpboot/fedora-install.

Now we need to make it available via http so I did as follows.

Created a file /etc/httpd/conf.d/fedora_install.conf

And added the contents as follows.

Alias /linux /tftpboot/fedora-install
 <Directory /tftpboot/fedora-install>
 Options Indexes
 AllowOverride None

Now restart the apache and xinetd for tftp PXE boot to take effect.

That is it. Now all I did is plug in my Laptop in the network and turn it on to boot via Network and voila.

Installation screen of Fedora 16 presented itself to complete it.

You can also use NFS and FTP install method the similar way.

That’s it for now. Please post your comments.

Migrating data with robocopy

Few days back I had a situation when I needed to migrate data from one Windows 2003 server to another.

The data contained 2 level of directories and thousands of files in them.

Also the data needed to copied with ACL as well.

so I wrote a script on source server as below to speed up copy.


cd D:\data

For /D %%r in (*) do (

For /D  %%a in (*) do(

cd %%a

start robocopy.exe D:\data\%%r\%%a \\destination\data\%%r\%%a *.* /e /s /w:3 /r:3 /XX /XO /SEC /LOG:c:\robocopy_%%r_%%a.log)


I created log file to retain the dir and files list which were copied.

What I did with script is I queried for all directories in D:\data and I again queried the directories under D:\data\DIRECTORIES.

Then I used robocopy utility from Windows server kit to start copying each directories and files at the same time with start command.

If you don’t put start in front of robocopy it will still copy, but it will copy one directory at a time.

Hope this solution will help some other people who may require it.

Please comment suggestions for improvement or what solution you would use to complete this kind of task.